GitHub’s annual State of the Octoverse breaks down the most popular languages on the world’s largest code repository. Given GitHub’s size, the fastest-growing and most popular languages on the platform are, by default, some of the most-used on the planet. Let’s also dig into Github language trends and see which languages have enjoyed the most usage year-over-year.
What’s behind the enduring popularity of these top languages? First and foremost, they’re all used in a variety of functions, from building and maintaining websites to machine learning. Once a language has been in wide use for years, they’re deeply baked into companies’ tech stacks and developers’ legacy code, and thus difficult to replace with an up-and-coming language.
Here’s a breakdown of GitHub’s language rankings going back to 2014:
If you want to learn Python, another ubiquitous language, start by visiting Python.org, which offers a handy beginner’s guide to programming and Python. There are also Python tutorials at various online learning portals, including Datacamp (whose Introduction to Python course includes 11 videos and 57 exercises), Udemy (which offers a variety of free introduction courses, including one for “absolute beginners”), Codecademy, and the Microsoft Developer YouTube channel (“Python for Beginners” has dozens of lessons, most under five minutes in length; none longer than 13 minutes).
Java is likewise popular among developers, thanks in large part to “write once, run anywhere” (WORA), which means it can run on any device with a Java virtual machine (JVM). If you’re looking for help from a community of Java experts, Oracle maintains a forum where you can ask questions and review what others are doing, as well as a tutorial site. There’s also a subreddit for those needing Java help and tutorials.