Main image of article Top Interview Questions for Front-End Developers

Skilled front-end developers maintain a company's online presence, impacting user experience and website success. They're responsible for creating engaging interfaces for higher conversion rates and customer satisfaction. In a quick-paced software development environment, hiring the right front-end developers helps businesses meet their goals and stay competitive. A thorough selection process ensures alignment with organizational values.

We've compiled a list of front-end developer interview questions to aid the hiring process. This guide provides questions, explanations and expected responses to evaluate candidates for their skills and potential contributions to the company.

We've also stated the purpose of asking them and responses to expect. Here's what we've covered: 

  1. Can you explain the box model in CSS?
  2. How do you ensure that your web pages are responsive?
  3. Describe a challenging project you worked on. How did you handle it?
  4. How do you optimize the performance of a webpage?
  5. How do you handle cross-browser compatibility issues?

The STAR Method

The STAR method is an acronym for situation, task, action and result. This structured technique can help you conduct behavioural-based interviews in the tech industry. Asking basic interview questions for front-end developers using the STAR method is beneficial. It can help you assess problem-solving abilities of candidates in real-life scenarios.

You can prompt candidates to incorporate the STAR method into their responses. This can help you learn about their competencies and adaptability. Here's an example:

Question: How have you optimized a web application for better performance?


  • Situation: An e-commerce site was experiencing slow load times during high-traffic periods.
  • Task: I was responsible for improving site performance to enhance the customer experience.
  • Action: I implemented code optimizations and integrated a content delivery network.
  • Result: These changes reduced load times by 30%. We noticed lowered bounce rates and improved user satisfaction.

1. Can You Explain the Box Model in CSS?

The box model in CSS is fundamental to creating stunning layouts and designs.

Why You Should Ask This Question

A front-end developer's answer to this question can help you understand their grasp of CSS basics. It also gives insight into their problem-solving skills. This includes issues with element spacing, alignment and layout.

What to Expect from the Candidate 

Candidates should describe the components of the CSS box model. They should include margin, border, padding and content area in their response. Explaining how the components interact shows how they handle development tasks. For instance, setting widths, heights and spacing or handling unexpected element sizes.  

Senior front-end developer interview questions might ask about advanced CSS features. They may also cover the model's impact on layout and spacing. Responses should cover box models and their practical applications. For instance, unexpected layout shifts or alignment issues.

2. How Do You Ensure That Your Web Pages Are Responsive?

Understanding design across devices is important for a front-end developer. It helps ensure a positive user experience. Optimized design boosts engagement, reduces bounce rates and improves user retention. As part of front-end developer coding interview questions, ask this to assess their technical skills.

Why You Should Ask This Question

You can assess a front-end developer's grasp of modern web development practices. It can also reveal their understanding of accessibility, usability and cross-platform compatibility.

What to Expect from the Candidate 

Front-end developers use various responsive design techniques. This includes media queries, flexbox and grid layouts. They may test their designs on screen sizes using tools like Chrome DevTools. They should also have a good understanding of CSS frameworks and libraries. Some of them include Bootstrap and Tailwind CSS.

3. Describe a Challenging Project You Worked On. How Did You Handle It?

This question helps you gauge a front-end developer's problem-solving abilities. You can determine how they handle difficulties and adapt to unexpected issues. It also shows if they can work under pressure. 

Why You Should Ask This Question

Include this in a junior front-end developer interview questions and answer session. It can help you assess their communication skills. You can learn about their collaboration skills with designers, developers and stakeholders. This could include stakeholder engagement or team coordination efforts. This question also highlights their commitment to continuous learning.

What to Expect from the Candidate 

The response should include the STAR method. The candidate should detail specific challenges and creative solutions from the tech industry. They should also highlight their role within the team. For instance, they can mention guiding junior developers.

They should showcase their problem-solving ability and creative thinking. Mentioning their contribution to a successful outcome helps acknowledge their efforts.

4. How Do You Optimize the Performance of a Web Page?

This question assesses the developer's skills in improving user experience and site efficiency.

Why You Should Ask This Question

This question assesses a candidate's knowledge of optimization techniques when creating high-performing websites. It also uncovers competency in tackling real-world web development obstacles.

What to Expect from the Candidate 

Candidates should discuss web performance optimization techniques in their response. This may include reducing HTTP requests, optimizing file sizes and using browser caching. Strong candidates may mention tools such as Google PageSpeed InsightsLighthouse and WebPagetest. They should also show a clear plan for enhancing page speed and user engagement.

5. How Do You Handle Cross-Browser Compatibility Issues?

Browsers interpret and render code in different ways, leading to inconsistencies.

Why You Should Ask This Question

This question assesses the ability to ensure a consistent user experience across browsers. It determines whether the developer understands the nuances of modern and legacy versions. You can also assess their familiarity with testing, debugging tools and best practices.

What to Expect from the Candidate 

Candidates should describe their approach to identifying and resolving compatibility issues. Their responses may include CSS techniques, JavaScript solutions and debugging practices. For instance, they may mention polyfills to support missing features on older browsers.

Things to Remember When Hiring a Front-End Developer

  • Seek candidates with strong technical skills. For instance, the knowledge of frameworks and libraries, testing and cross-browser compatibility.
  • Review portfolios for experience to check the quality and complexity of their work. 
  • Observe soft skills, such as communication, problem-solving and adaptability. Focus on collaborative skills and the ability to document code and processes.

Use the STAR method to help you find the right candidate for your front-end developer position. Structure your questions for behavioral and situational responses. Skilled front-end developers can enhance visitor engagement and encourage user conversion. They fine-tune responsive design to deliver well-structured, appealing and optimized websites.